The Internet has revolutionized many areas in a radical way, especially communications to the point of becoming a global channel and part of our daily days. It is sad to think that the Internet can reach a point where it is increasingly controlled by either organizations or government and that this leads to a total censorship where we could no longer decide what to do without being spied by someone. The government wants to sell us the idea that with greater vigilance, we will have greater security. This is controversial for many reasons. To prevent the internet from being “controlled”, we have to understand why it should be free.
So, what is the free, open and neutral Network? It is the right to universal access to the Internet, that all Internet users have access to the same resources and sources of information regardless of where we live. It is the right that we all have to make our voice and our thoughts heard, to share knowledge and resources with the rest of the world, to safeguard our privacy, to not be spied on, to allow organizations to behave with us transparently, to have access to the entire internet, not only to the part that most interests a certain organization.
And what can be done about it in order to achieve this? For example, Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web, has created a campaign called “Contract for the Web”, with the objective of “persuading governments, companies and individuals to sign a set of principles of a designed to defend an Internet free and open “. In this way, he expects the Internet to stop belonging to a very small group of institutions and return it to the democratizing hand of the users.
And, according to Berners-Lee, the great benefits of the Internet have been affected by the improper and negative use by those who want to steal personal data (through phishing), trolls and fake news.
Therefore, what it proposes is to rebuild trust on the web and increase access to the internet in fair and affordable terms by encouraging governments, businesses and individuals to work together. Berners-Lee said governments, businesses and individual Internet users had a role to play.
Currently, the contract is in a draft phase that includes only nine generic principles, but does not include details of how content or trolls would be controlled. This is because Berners-Lee and his organization, the World Wide Web Foundation, do not seek to be dictators of what should or should not be on the Internet, rather they seek to co-create the document with contributions from the main players in the technology industry. . A final draft will be published in May 2019.